In the following we give an overview about related projects.
The EU FP7 Project CARBOTRAF aims to realise a method, system and tools for adaptively influencing traffic in real-time to reduce carbon dioxide CO2 and black carbon (BC) emissions caused by road transport in urban and inter-urban areas. The inter-relationships between traffic states and CO2and BC emissions will be investigated. In particular a model linking traffic states to emission levels will be established on the basis of existing and new simulation methods and tools. A decision support system for online prediction of emission levels will use real-time and simulated traffic and air-quality data. Based on this prediction a low emission traffic scenario will be achieved by imposing ITS measures (re-routing, adjustment of traffic light sequences).The objectives of the project are as following: Create a proven concept involving sensors & technologies for CO2 and BC emissions reduction for urban traffic. Investigate BC emission factors and integrate with traffic and air quality models. Create and refine a traffic data sensor for sensing emission relevant traffic parameters. Create a decision support system and tools with a catalogue of traffic scenarios to support traffic control centres towards adaptive traffic management aimed at emission reduction. Use the test sites in different European countries in order to evaluate the results independently. Provide a handbook with recommendations for emission reduction strategies. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project COLOMBO ("Cooperative Self-Organizing System for low Carbon Mobility at low Penetration Rates") is an ongoing EU FP7 project aiming at traffic management through the exploitation of vehicular communications and especially vehicular-to-infrastructure communication. First, the project provides results in the field of traffic surveillance and advanced traffic light control algorithms. For this, the project works on delivering a cooperative traffic state monitoring system, and a cost-effective, self-organizing traffic light control system. The second key target of COLOMBO is cost-efficiency and the reduction of vehicular emissions. For this, the formerly mentioned traffic light control system is used to model and therefore shape the driving behaviour of travellers. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 support action DECOMOBIL ("Design for ECO-multimodal MOBILity") finished in 2014. Its goal was to build and widely disseminate a body of knowledge with respect to the human-centred design of ICT for sustainable transport. Through its results, the project helped to prepare the future community research programme in user-centred design for eco-multimodal mobility. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project ecoDriver “Supporting the driver in conserving energy and reducing emissions”
ecoDriver targets a 20% reduction of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption in road transport by encouraging the adoption of green driving behaviour. Drivers will receive eco-driving recommendations and feedback adapted to them and to their vehicle characteristics. A range of driving profiles, powertrains (conventional, hybrid, electrical) and vehicles types (passenger cars, vans, trucks, buses) will be tested in order to optimize the driver-powertrain-environment feedback loop. The ultimate goal is to deliver the most appropriate eco-driving advice or feedback for any given situation.
The scientific and technical objectives of the project ecoDriver are summarized in the following: A) Achieve a 20% reduction of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption in road transport by delivering effective green driving advice and feedback. B) Maximise system effectiveness and acceptance by adapting the eco-driving human-machine interfaces (HMI – graphical interfaces, haptics, voice messages) to the driving style (e.g. relaxed vs sportive), traffic conditions (fluid vs heavy traffic), powertrain (conventional, hybrid, electrical), and vehicle type (passenger cars, vans, trucks, buses, etc.). C) Test and compare the effectiveness of nomadic and built-in navigation systems in encouraging green driving. D) Maintain or even enhance driver safety while providing eco-driving support. E) Scale-up the results obtained from test trials to Europe, and carry out a social cost-benefit analysis to assess the economic feasibility of a potential market deployment of the ecoDriver system. F) Explore how eco-driving related CO2 reductions might be affected by different future technological, political, and lifestyle scenarios. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project eCOMPASS ("eCO-friendly urban Multi-modal route PlAnning Services for Mobile uSers") focused on new mobility concepts to decrease the environmental impact of people and goods transport in urban areas. It established a methodological framework for route planning optimization following a holistic approach to addressing the environmental impact of urban mobility. To achieve smart mobility for people, eCOMPASS provided solutions in the field of intelligent on-bard navigation systems, especially aiming at eco-awareness and eco-friendliness. In contrast, mobility of goods was controlled through centralized fleet management systems which optimize the routes to be taken by drivers. Again, this information is brought to the drivers through in-vehicle systems. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The ongoing EU FP7 Project GET Service ("Service Platform for Green European Transportation") develops a platform with subsystems for information aggregation, real-time planning, transportation control and transportation service development. The project focuses on multimodal logistics of goods. The GET Service platform contributes to the state of the art, by providing: novel real-time transportation planning algorithm, a transportation-specific service development subsystem, transportation control and reconfiguration mechanisms, and automated real-time information aggregation mechanisms. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project ICT-Emissions is a project aimed at the "Development of a methodology and tool to evaluate the impact of ICT measures on road transport emissions". The scientific and technical objectives of the project ICT-Emissions can be summarized as follows: A) Developing a comprehensive methodology to assess the impacts of road transport ICT measures on CO2 by taking into account the real-world driving and traffic behaviour in urban agglomerations. B) Developing vehicle simulators to calculate the energy and CO2 emissions of vehicles when operating in ICT regimes, also taking into account advanced vehicle technologies (hybrids, plug-in hybrids, electric, start-stop, etc.). C) Simulating the impact of various ICT measures by implementing commercial traffic models at the micro and macro scales, and linking them to vehicle simulators, following the methodology developed.
More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
Intelligent Cooperative Sensing for Improved traffic
The EU FP7 Project Intelligent Cooperative Sensing for Improved traffic - ICSI aims to give a qualitative leap towards the future mobility: this raises the implementation of a platform to merge and integrate heterogeneous data sources into a common system and provide a set of advanced tools for control, monitoring, simulation and prediction of traffic, that achieves a more safe, sustainable and uncongested road. For more Information we reffer to the project website that is listed in the references section.
iMobility Support is a 3-year action supporting the deployment of intelligent mobility in Europe by organising the iMobility Forum activities including stakeholder networking, deployment support, awareness raising and dissemination of results of the ICT for smart, safe and clean mobility. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below
The EU FP7 Project iMobility Challenge is a 24 months project aimed at demonstrating, promoting and boosting the deployment of ICT systems for efficient and sustainable mobility. The project will highlight both off-the-shelf products (i.e. technologies that have just been launched on the market) and emerging technologies addressed by current research. In particular focus will be placed on current EU Research conducted in the field of cooperative systems for energy efficient and sustainable mobility. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project MOBiNET will develop, deploy and operate the technical and organisational foundations of an open, multi-vendor platform for Europe-wide mobility services. MOBiNET is “the Internet of (Transport and) Mobility”. It is an Internet-based network linking travellers, transport users, transport system operators, service providers, content providers and transport infrastructure. It connects users (people, businesses, objects) with suppliers (operators, providers, systems), and brokers (or helps to broker their interactions). At its core is a “platform” providing tools and utilities to enable those interactions, with components both for users and for suppliers.
MOBiNET comprises a User Community and a Provider Community. Users may be private or business (end-users), as well as service and data providers who consume B2B services. Providers are data (information and content) providers as well as applications (“apps”) and services providers for both end-users, suppliers and developers. The MOBiNET platform is a place to meet and exchange or buy location- and time-dependent transport and mobility services. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The main goal of the EU FP7 Project MobiS ("Personalized Mobility Services for Energy Efficiency and Security through Advanced Artificial Intelligence Techniques") is to achieve energy efficiency and sustainable mobility - both on the micro- and the macro-level. For this, the project creates a new concept and solution of a federated, customized and intelligent mobility platform by applying novel Future Internet technologies and Artificial Intelligence methods that will monitor, model and manage the complex urban mobility network of people, objects, natural, social and business environment in real-time. MobiS takes into account the mobility plans of individuals, allows travelers to define their needs in terms of decision criteria, collect information about available transport means, and predict and plan the traffic in urban areas based on the collected data. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project MODUM - Models for Optimising Dynamic Urban Mobility developed a system that provides on the one hand commuters with up-to-date multi-modal travel information, and on the other hand it provides local administrations with the means for more efficient traffic management within their cities. All in all, this leads to improvement of the quality of life in urban environments. In order to accomplish all this, the MODUM system is composed of various interrelated core components: There is a microscopic traffic flow simulator at the heart of the application. In itself, it provides a complete view of traffic conditions on the transport network. Additionally, it is queried by two other services: one of them is responsible for gathering information on the fastest and greenest routes throughout the transportation network, including not only private road traffic but also public transportation (such as buses, trams, metro, and trains). The other service is centred around predicting road traffic travel times for short periods of up to 30 minutes to 1 hour into the future. The interaction of these three components makes MODUM an innovative player in the field of personal mobility assistance, as it not only calculates for example the fastest commuting route, but it also takes into account the predicted travel time in the future.
The MODUM project not only provided a useful app for commuters and an informative system for traffic managers, the system is also backed by dedicated server infrastructure that can be deployed anywhere. The software implementation of the synthesised approach focuses on the telecommunication challenges of a realistic demonstrator, and MODUM’s prototype was validated by real-life experiments in Sofia (BG) and Nottingham (UK), which were evaluated by the relevant traffic management structures within the traffic control centres of these cities. The Project MODUM was an FP7 ICT project that finished in December 2014. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU Project MOVESMART aims at providing time-dependent route planning and renewable personal mobility services using a set of crowd- sourcing tools for collecting real-time information by multimodal travellers. The core of MOVESMART is a hierarchical urban-traffic infrastructure that is hosted and maintained by a cloud architecture. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project MyWay project will investigate, develop and validate an integrated platform, the European Smart Mobility Resource Manager, including cloud-based services and facilities to support community supplied information collection and processing. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
PEACOX ("Persuasive Advisor for CO2-reducing cross-modal Trip Planning") was an EU FP7 project. The project aimed at providing travelers with personalised multi-modal navigation tools that allow, help and persuade the users to travel and drive ecologically friendlier. To achieve this, the project generated different models. First, a "door-to-door emissions model" was developed. This model provides predictive and real time information for peak and off-peak scenarios. The model is helpful to persuade travelers about the mode of transport to be taken for a particular trip. Second, an "emissions exposure model" was developed, which allows to assess the city-specific level of exposure to PM10 or NO2. For this, land use information, live traffic data as well as weather data are exploited. Third, an "eco driving model" was developed, which uses details about the used vehicle (i.e., fuel efficiency) in order to make recommendations to the traveler. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
REDUCTION ("Reducing Environmental Footprint based on Multi-Modal Fleet Management Systems for Eco-Routing and Driver Behaviour Adaptation") was an EU FP7 project aiming at enabling drivers and fleet managers to behave eco-friendly. Apart from methods and tools for driver education, the project also aimed at eco-routing and multimodal transport. For this, the project aimed at collecting and analyzing historical and real-time data about driving behaviour, routing information, and the associated environmental impact. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU Project STREETLIFE develops a multimodal urban mobility information system that provides mobile information services to end users in order to promote sustainable transport alternatives. Emphasis is put on personalized information to access mobility and efficient, integrated mobility planning. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
SUPERHUB ("SUStainable and PERSuasive Human Users moBility in future cities") was an EU FP7 project. The project aimed at the development of a services mobility framework, which promotes the use of multimodal mobility systems and thus facilitates a reduction in mobility-related envionmental impact. SUPERHUB focused on urban mobility aspects. For this, the project worked on a truly multimodal journey planned fed by an heterogeneous data infrastructure to provide user-tailored mobility services presenting a number of route options to end users. Also, it was the goal of the project to provide policy makers with data facilitating the planning of adequate corrective measures on public transport offers. While the project has already been finished, there are ongoing activities to further develop an open mobility business ecosystem which facilitates the development of mobility apps. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
The EU FP7 Project TEAM aims at developing systems for participants in transportation networks, which help them to behave better – by explicitly taking into account the needs and constraints of other participants and the network itself. TEAM stands for Tomorrow’s Elastic Adaptive Mobility. It turns static into elastic mobility by joining drivers, travellers and infrastructure operators together into one collaborative network. Thereby TEAM explicitly takes into account the needs and constraints of all participants and the network itself. TEAM's basic objective is to create, test, demonstrate and evaluate an elastic and collaborative mobility management system.
The vision is to use mobile devices such as smartphones to significantly improve transportation safety and efficiency, implementing environmental aspects. This includes contribution towards the objective of reducing fatalities in the EU, not only addressing drivers but all road users – including passengers and pedestrians. In this way, drivers, travellers and infrastructure are meant to act as a team, adapting to each other and to the situation, creating optimised mobility conditions. 11 collaborative mobility applications have been selected and are part of overall TEAM results and highlight the collaboration between travellers and drivers and the road infrastructure operators. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
MDM: Mobilitäts Daten Marktplatz
The German Project Mobilitäts Daten Marktplatz (MDM) is founded by the German Federal Highway Research Institute and has the aim to provide a marketplace platform for mobility relevant data. This mobility data marketplace provides a web platform, named MDM marketplace, allows to offer, search and subscribe to traffic-related online data and the distribution of online data between data providers and data consumers. The platform forwards the data from data providers unchanged to the data recipient. The platform not only focuses on data provides and data consumers but also on data improvers, i.e., participants that increase the value of data by generating higher level data out of raw data. More information about the project can be found at the project website listed in the references section below.
In summary it should be mentioned that several projects are currently ongoing with a similar goal. However, every named project has different strengths and approaches. Furthermore each of these projects focuses on different aspects of the common goal of optimized mobility. SIMPLI-CITY itself has a modular design and provides the possibility to integrate further modules and technologies.